A dental implant is a screw looking like a tooth root from biocompatible material, usually titanium. It serves to set the normal chewing and voice function in partial or complete toothless jaws.
Before surgeries the surgeon assesses the overall health of the patient, in particular the condition of the teeth is important as well as the periodontal tissues and bone mass in the upper and lower jaws. For the most precise estimate the panoramic radiograph scan and CT of the jaw is needed.
The operation is performed under local anesthesia and is not painful. Through the incision in the oral mucosa we reach the bone where the implant is screwed on and at the end of the procedure the mucous membranes is closed with the stitching.
In the case of poor and insufficient bone base, which must be suitable for the insertion of a long enough implant long, it is necessary to carry out a pre-completion of the bones, which somewhat extends the time of the whole process.
After surgery, a possible temporary swelling of the cheeks or lips occurs, the pain is moderate, which with the help of painkillers almost disappears. The stitches are removed 7 days after surgery.
The healing and integration of the implant in the bone on the lower jaw lasts 3 months and on the upper jaw 6 months.
The opening of the lining follows and sulcus former is screwed in the implant, which forms the transition between the gum and the implant.
After 2 weeks the sulcus former is replaced with an abutment, which serves as a carrier for porcelain crowns.
After completion of treatment regular controls are needed and also meticulous oral hygiene.